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The metropolis of St. Peter, the Saint of Rome, represented the central power (St. Petronio symbolised the local power). Century-old restorations and additions to the church are typical of a city which has modified and even increased its buildings.
The period of its foundation, ascribed to the 9-10th Century, is controversial, but one thing is certain, the date of the fire which destroyed the church (1131), soon rebuilt (1161-65) and damaged during the earthquake of 1222.
New works took place from 1392 to 1406 and in 1467 a portico was added. In the second half of the 16th Century, work was started on the internal structures bringing about a complex and adventurous series of events. The facade was built by Alfonso Torreggiani , (with variations by Tadolini in the tympanum, 1776) who also carried out the works to the interior, the apses and the portal.
The bell-tower, built at the end of the 12th century, by maestro Alberto, has almost completely retained its powerful Romanesque structure; the dome was built in 1426. The two "Leoni stilofori" (lions) used as supports for fonts were formerly by the portal of the 13th Century side of the church".

 

 

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General - Environment - Iron and Etruscan Age - Roman Age - Patron Saint- The Commune - Alma mater studiorum - Re Enzo - Porticoes - St Peter - Gothic - 14th Century - Piazza Maggiore - Aristocratic palaces - Brick and other stones - Early 15th Century - Archiginnasio - Counter Reformation Renaissance - 16th Century - Great portico ribbons - Frescoes in palaces - The "scenographic" cityNapoleon's republics - Fall of Church power - The Restoration - Haussmann style - The new Century - Floreal style - Rationalism - World War - Active preservation - Around 2000

 
       

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