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The 14th Century Bolognese painting, disregarded for centuries, matched the greatness of the most famous Tuscan 14th Century painting.
Inthe National Picture Gallery there is a Giotto, a late work commissioned by the Pepoli family (Taddeo Pepoli had already given the Virgin with Child by Cimabue to the Church of S. Maria dei Servi).

It was Roberto Longhi who recently discovered the 14th Century Bolognese painting and defined it as "brutally sincere and impulsive" but with a fairy tale element incorporating earthy, peasant and regional quality and the northern influence.
"Open to sin but also open to repentance, Longhi says - ready to plunge into the fires of Hell and to float to the most absurd heaven: open to truth as to utopia, Bolognese painting is openly human and therefore, in its best sense a popular painting.

Besides the extensive collection of the National Picture Gallery, 14th Century Bolognese paintings can also be found in many "church-galleries" in town.

 

Towards the end of the 14th Century the "Legato Pontificio" was replaced by the government of the "XVI Riformatori dello Stato di Liberta " , which proposed a vast programme of public intervention. The architect appointed, Antonio di Vincenzo, introduced the international Gothic style to the city.
Antonio di Vincenzo also built the Merchant's Lodge (also the work of Lorenzo da Bagnomarino), the main belltowerof S. Francesco, adjoining the 13th Century smaller bell tower and the great Gothic apse, a rare example of northern influence and, finally, the great project for the Basilica of S. Petronio.
 

 

Related links

Pinacoteca Nazionale di Bologna

Palazzo della Mercazia

 

 

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General - Environment - Iron and Etruscan Age - Roman Age - Patron Saint- The Commune - Alma mater studiorum - Re Enzo - Porticoes - St Peter - Gothic - 14th Century - Piazza Maggiore - Aristocratic palaces - Brick and other stones - Early 15th Century - Archiginnasio - Counter Reformation Renaissance - 16th Century - Great portico ribbons - Frescoes in palaces - The "scenographic" cityNapoleon's republics - Fall of Church power - The Restoration - Haussmann style - The new Century - Floreal style - Rationalism - World War - Active preservation - Around 2000