BED AND BREAKFAST IN BOLOGNA   ACCOMMODATION IN BOLOGNA   ERBORISTERIA   WEBMASTER

 

 

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Home page. This is the beginning of our travel...

Bologna was born on the shores of an ancient sea, now inexistent, into which the river Reno flowed. The Southern part is therefore in the hills and mountains whereas the Northern part is exactly where the sea once was. The nature of this land has conserved the most obvious archaic conditions having phenomena like grottos (caverns), hot springs in the oases of Marmorta and Campotto and in the Panfilia woods.

The nature of the hilly Bolognese soil is sandy-clayey and produces specific erosions caused by the water action on soft rocks that are called "calanchi" and are typical of the area at the bottom of the moutains. In the same landscape we can also find a very common sedimentary rock, the gypsum (chalk), being concentrated in a real "gypsum vein" from Piacenza to Rimini. There are gypsum-sulphur formations from sea salt deposits, found in successive gypsum and clay strata in a seaweed network. Nowadays the gypsum is used as a raw material in the chemical industry and as a building stone. This together with the red brick has characterised the city architecture which hardly knows marble (the marble sculptors always came from other parts). The first Bolognese surrounding wall was made of gypsum and called "the selenite circle" in the early Middle Ages in fact the wall facing of numerous towers was gypsum. From the surrounding area came the sandstone of numerous facades, ornate designs and porticoes which tend to disintegrate due to the smog.

During a certain period the High Apennines were scattered with firs that were more or less devastated in the Middle Ages because their wood was then a very precious material. As far as the end of the 13th century the city buildings were almost entirely made of wood, including the porticoes; marks of their tarred beams still remain. However, the all too frequent fires drove the governments to impose the use of brick and stone.

 

General photo Links

Bologna racconta (photo gallery)

Fotografî dla zitè -
pictures of the town in pages written in dialect

Bologna pictures

 

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General - Environment - Iron and Etruscan Age - Roman Age - Patron Saint- The Commune - Alma mater studiorum - Re Enzo - Porticoes - St Peter - Gothic - 14th Century - Piazza Maggiore - Aristocratic palaces - Brick and other stones - Early 15th Century - Archiginnasio - Counter Reformation Renaissance - 16th Century - Great portico ribbons - Frescoes in palaces - The "scenographic" cityNapoleon's republics - Fall of Church power - The Restoration - Haussmann style - The new Century - Floreal style - Rationalism - World War - Active preservation - Around 2000

 
       

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