BED AND BREAKFAST IN BOLOGNA   ACCOMMODATION IN BOLOGNA   ERBORISTERIA   WEBMASTER

 

 

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Home page. This is the beginning of our travel...

Napoleon's arrival upset the economic order. The land market which substituted industrial activity, transformed Bologna into a big agrarian province.
Architecture was in decline.

At the end of the 18th Century, after the splendour of Cardinal Lambertini and General L.F. Marsili (Sciences Institute founder) times, the city  which had 70,000 inhabitants, experienced a stagnant period. The Senate managed to block the land and tax reform planned by cardinal Boncompagni. On June 19th 1796 the Napoleonic Army of Italy arrived in Bologna and received a warm welcome. This new situation gave rise to a revival of the University and economic life. The return of church estates, ordered by Napoleon, produced a radical change to the economy and generated a land market - introduction of capitalism in the country - that upset the previous order and transformed the industrial city in a huge land province. Within this context, after the Reno deviation to the sea, the proposal of a Cavo (Basin), which would be called Napoleonic to link the Reno to the Big Po, was approved by Napoleon. Today the Cavo is useful should the Reno overflow. Bologna belonged to the Cispadane Republic between 1796 and 1799; to the New Cisalpine Republic between 1799 and 1801, to the Republic than the Kingdom of Italy between 1802 and 1815. It even seemed that in 1814-15 Bologna was the capital of an independent State of four legations. The name of Antoine Aldini, State secretary of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy stood out The neoclassic Aldini Villa, which dominated the city from the hill, was built against the church della Madonna del Monte (XII cent) by the Napoleonic Minister Antonio Aldini, in memory of a place where Napoleon had praised the city.

Accompanying the studies reform in a scientific direction, the seat of the university moved from the Archiginnasio to Poggi Palace where the Marsili's Science Institute was already. In the area surrounding poggi Palace the campus began to form.

The transfer of the University seat from the Archiginnasio to Poggi Palace was another consequence of the Napoleonic regime and the initiatives of Bolognese Jacobinism. Poggi Palace (in 1803, during the period of the Italian Republic, which succeeded the Napoleonic Rule of Italy) was chosen because it already housed the Science Institute, created by Luigi Ferdinando Marsili at the beginning of the 18th Century, and was not included in the University; this Institute contained rich collections of scientific equipment; (at present all this material is kept in the Library, in the Marsili and Aldrovandi Museums, all of them housed in the Poggi Palace). So surrounding Poggi Palace, the area was to become the centre of the study district so with the Botanic Garden near the ancient Bentivoglian Palazzina della Viola, the "study town" or "campus", as it would be called in the future, began to form isolating the students from the town life. The importance given to scientific disciplines, during the, Napoleonic period, which followed the 18th Century extra official or iIIuministic tradition, towards the end of the 19th century resulted in the great Bolognese positivist school.

 

 

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Villa Aldini
 
Villa Aldini (photo)

 

 

 

 

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General - Environment - Iron and Etruscan Age - Roman Age - Patron Saint- The Commune - Alma mater studiorum - Re Enzo - Porticoes - St Peter - Gothic - 14th Century - Piazza Maggiore - Aristocratic palaces - Brick and other stones - Early 15th Century - Archiginnasio - Counter Reformation Renaissance - 16th Century - Great portico ribbons - Frescoes in palaces - The "scenographic" cityNapoleon's republics - Fall of Church power - The Restoration - Haussmann style - The new Century - Floreal style - Rationalism - World War - Active preservation - Around 2000