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Near Porta Galliera, symbol of Papal power and its restoration, you can see the Montagnola and Agosto VIII square, where the popular rising against the Austrians took place.

The Restoration (1815), in force thanks to Cardinal Consalvi and the Treaty of Vienna, brought the church back to the area, which helped by the Austrians, imposed its own system until 1859. At this time, the city was actively liberal, liberals being evident in Romagna; in 1855 they organized an exhibition of fine art and industries.

To the right of the Porta Galliera, built in 1661, there are the remains of the ancient Cittadella di Galliera which, since the 15th Century, was built and destroyed five times by mob revolutions, being considered the symbol of despotic governments. Beside this, Montagnola (a public garden, with trees planted in 1806 and a staircase added towards the end ofthe 19th Century) built over the ruins of the citadel and particularly linked to the memory of the popular rising which took place on August 8, 1848, against the Austrians and which was commemorated by the monument built in 1904.
 

 

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Parco della Montagnola

 

 

 

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General - Environment - Iron and Etruscan Age - Roman Age - Patron Saint- The Commune - Alma mater studiorum - Re Enzo - Porticoes - St Peter - Gothic - 14th Century - Piazza Maggiore - Aristocratic palaces - Brick and other stones - Early 15th Century - Archiginnasio - Counter Reformation Renaissance - 16th Century - Great portico ribbons - Frescoes in palaces - The "scenographic" cityNapoleon's republics - Fall of Church power - The Restoration - Haussmann style - The new Century - Floreal style - Rationalism - World War - Active preservation - Around 2000