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The Glossators, whose tombs are shown above, were those scholars concerned with writing the "glosses", that is to say the annotations, on the Codes of Justinian, inherited from Ravenna, with the aim of bringing them up to date; and this in order to settle the disputes between the Papacy and the Empire in the fight for the investitures. The first name to be found (in 1076)  I was the name of a Bolognese scholar, Pepone; other great men followed him: Irnerio, Accursio, Ugo, Bulgaro, Martino, Egidio Foscherari and, for Canon Law, Graziano.
Thus, in Bologna which was at the same time "dotta" (learned) and "grassa" (fat) because of its flourishing agriculture, a school of law was created and recognised by the Empire.
Students came from all over Europe. The city became the cultural centre for civil law in opposition to Paris, the centre of theological culture. Its base was to be the "University of the Students" (the running of this institution was entrusted to the students and not to the teachers) in contrast with the "University of the Teachers" of Paris.

For this reason Bologna grew remarkably. The two thousand guest-students, in a city of 30-40,000 in habitants created new opportunities for trade and exchange: money - changers appeared and also new industries, for clothes, silk, books, together with the new hotel trade. The places in town linked with the university life were: St. Domenico and st. Francesco's churches (the mendicant orders were against the secular clergy). Therefore, it is not by chance that by these churches the tombs of the Glossators can be found. Of the many colleges where foreign students lived in those times, one remains as an important example, the Spanish College, in the street of the same name, built in 1365 on the initiative of Cardinal Albornoz.

 

 

 

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Ancient teachers had their classes in private houses, during the closing year of the Council of Trent the official seat was built, the "Archiginnasio", as the first act of the Counter Reformation, to the unified centre for studies.

see  Archiginnasio

 

 

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General - Environment - Iron and Etruscan Age - Roman Age - Patron Saint- The Commune - Alma mater studiorum - Re Enzo - Porticoes - St Peter - Gothic - 14th Century - Piazza Maggiore - Aristocratic palaces - Brick and other stones - Early 15th Century - Archiginnasio - Counter Reformation Renaissance - 16th Century - Great portico ribbons - Frescoes in palaces - The "scenographic" cityNapoleon's republics - Fall of Church power - The Restoration - Haussmann style - The new Century - Floreal style - Rationalism - World War - Active preservation - Around 2000

 
       

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